Varicose veins, also known as varicoses or varicosities, occur when your veins become enlarged, dilated, and overfilled with blood. Varicose veins typically appear swollen and raised, and have a bluish-purple or red color. They are often painful.
The condition is very common, especially in women. Around 25 percent of all adults have varicose veins. In most cases, varicose veins appear on the lower legs.
Causes -- Causes of varicose veins can include:
Age. As you get older, your veins can lose elasticity, causing them to stretch. The valves in your veins may become weak, allowing blood that should be moving toward your heart to flow backward.
Blood pools in your veins, and your veins enlarge and become varicose. The veins appear blue because they contain deoxygenated blood, which is in the process of being recirculated through the lungs.
Pregnancy. Some pregnant women develop varicose veins. Pregnancy increases the volume of blood in your body, but decreases the flow of blood from your legs to your pelvis. This circulatory change is designed to support the growing fetus, but it can produce an unfortunate side effect — enlarged veins in your legs.
Varicose veins may surface for the first time or may worsen during late pregnancy, when your uterus exerts greater pressure on the veins in your legs. Changes in your hormones during pregnancy also may play a role. Varicose veins that develop during pregnancy generally improve without medical treatment three to 12 months after delivery.
Symptoms --- Varicose veins may not cause any pain. Signs you may have with varicose veins include:
· Veins that are dark purple or blue in color
· Veins that appear twisted and bulging; often like cords on your legs
When painful signs and symptoms occur, they may include:
· An achy or heavy feeling in your legs
· Burning, throbbing, muscle cramping and swelling in your lower legs
· Worsened pain after sitting or standing for a long time
· Itching around one or more of your veins
· Bleeding from varicose veins
· A painful cord in the vein with red discoloration of the skin
· Color changes, hardening of the vein, inflammation of the skin or skin ulcers near your ankle, which can mean you have a serious form of vascular disease that requires medical attention
Risk factors--- These factors increase your risk of developing varicose veins:
Age. The risk of varicose veins increases with age. Aging causes wear and tear on the valves in your veins that help regulate blood flow. Eventually, that wear causes the valves to allow some blood to flow back into your veins where it collects instead of flowing up to your heart.
Sex. Women are more likely to develop the condition. Hormonal changes during pregnancy, premenstruation or menopause may be a factor because female hormones tend to relax vein walls. Taking hormone replacement therapy or birth control pills may increase your risk of varicose veins.
Family history. If other family members had varicose veins, there's a greater chance you will too.
Obesity. Being overweight puts added pressure on your veins.
Standing or sitting for long periods of time. Your blood doesn't flow as well if you're in the same position for long periods
Complications-- Complications of varicose veins, although rare, can include:
Ulcers. Extremely painful ulcers may form on the skin near varicose veins, particularly near the ankles. Ulcers are caused by long-term fluid buildup in these tissues, caused by increased pressure of blood within affected veins.
A discolored spot on the skin usually begins before an ulcer forms. See your doctor immediately if you suspect you've developed an ulcer.
Blood clots. Occasionally, veins deep within the legs become enlarged. In such cases, the affected leg may swell considerably. Any sudden leg swelling warrants urgent medical attention because it may indicate a blood clot — a condition known medically as thrombophlebitis.
Bleeding. Occasionally, veins very close to the skin may burst. This usually causes only minor bleeding. But, any bleeding warrants medical attention because there's a high risk it can happen again.
Homoeopathy today is a rapidly growing system and is being practiced all over the world. It strength lies in its evident effectiveness as it takes a holistic approach towards the sick individual through promotion of inner balance at mental, emotional, spiritual and physical levels. When varicose vein is concerned there are many effective medicines available in Homoeopathy , but the selection depends upon the individuality of the patient , considering mental and physical symptoms.
HAMAMELIS 1X— An excellent remedy for varicose vein. There is excessive pain. Varicose vein with sore ulcers . When applied externally causes the vessels to shrink. Use externally for varicose ulcers
FLUORIC ACID 30 – Veins in the legs tending to ulceration. Severe burning pain , worse by heat
VIPERA 30 - There is bursting pain in the Varicose Veins as the limbs are allowed to hang down. The patient has to keep the limbs elevated to avoid the pain. Enlarged veins with cramps in the lower limbs.
CARBO VEG 30-- Varicose Veins with a bluish, marbled appearance of skin. The legs feels stiff and paralyzed
LACHESIS 200-- Varicose Veins with a bluish-purplish appearance. The joints feel as if they are sprained in the morning
GRAPHITES 30-- Graphites is a very beneficial Homeopathic medicine for Varicose Veins with cramps and jerks in the legs. There is a paralyzed feeling in the limbs with severe cramps
BELLIS PERENNIS 30 -- Bellis Perennis is the best Homeopathic cure for Varicose Veins during pregnancy with bruises and aching in the limbs. It is also very effective when there is pain down the thighs
PULSATILLA 30 —Varicose veins during pregnancy. Along with this the constitutional symptoms of the remedy are also present Pulsatilla is the best cure for swollen and dilated veins. It is very effective in the treatment of Varicose Veins when the swelling and pain get worse as the affected limb hangs down
CALCAREA FLOUR 6X -- Calcarea Fluorata is of great help for treatment of Varicose Veins with intense swelling. It helps to decrease the swelling in a very safe and natural way Varicose veins are knitted in hard lumps, in chronic cases
ALLIUM CEPA 30 – Varicose vein after cesarean section
HIPPOZAENNUM 30 —Scrofulous swelling of the veins with formation of pus
PYROGENIUM 200 - Ulceration of varicose veins with fetid discharge and pain